The Value of Setting Human Resource Objectives
Setting objectives enables the business to plan and then allocate resources.
With human resource management, many decisions take time to action. For example, an increase in the labour force requires a recruitment and selection process, followed by induction and training.
The key outcomes for good human resource management are:
- Reduced costs, through higher productivity, increased efficiency and better quality production.
- Greater value added, thus increasing profit margins. This can be the result of better quality products, good customer service and innovation based on the performance and motivation of the workforce.
- Better retention of a skilled workforce.
__ Human resource objectives include:__
- Employee engagement and involvement: Businesses value the contribution of their workforce engaged in operating and executing the various functions of the business. The more they can engage with their work, the more likely they are to find better ways to work for the benefit of the business.
- Talent development: The workforce is a source of innovation, invention and organisation. Some will be particularly able to advance the business, and should be nurtured and encouraged.
- Training: Better training can reduce costs, improve productivity, motivate the workforce and retain their services.
- Diversity: A diverse workforce recognises that everyone can make a contribution and that no one should be disadvantaged due to their background, beliefs, physical or mental attributes.
- Alignment of values: The more that the workforce can understand the underlying purpose of the business, the quicker and more efficiently decisions will be implemented.
- Number, skills and location of employees: The workforce needs to match the requirements of the business to operate effectively. The HR department must plan to match those needs.
Internal & External Influences on Human Resource Objectives & Decisions
- Production planning__ __– what needs to be produced, when, where and then crucially, by whom.
- Marketing planning – how it needs to be produced, the quality and who’s needed to market it.
- Finances available__ __– what cash is available to recruit and train the workforce.
- Current workforce numbers, skills and location.
- Available labour force__ __– for example, the impact of Brexit.
- __Government legislation __– changes in minimum wages or workplace practices.
- Changes in technology – new machinery or equipment that can replace some jobs or enhance others.
Influences on Human Resource Objectives such as Soft and Hard Human Resource Management (HRM) Approaches
Most HR managers will adopt an approach ranging from “soft” to “hard” to deal with different situations.
- Workers are a resource.
- Adjust the workforce to meet the business needs, rather than adjust the business to work with the strengths of the workforce.
- Recruit and train workers to fit the business.
- Cost first focus.
- Workers are the key to the business’s success.
- Build the business around the skills of the workers.
- Encourage the development of the workforce to create a competitive advantage.
|Autocratic leadership||Democratic leadership|
|Hard pay bargaining||Performance related pay|
|High labour turnover||More delegation, empowerment|
|Short term workforce planning||Long term planning|
|Tall organisational structure||Flat organisational structure|
The approach depends on:
- Skills of the managers and their confidence to manage.
- The nature of the product.
- The financial situation of the business (tough times might need a tough approach to cut costs).
- A low skilled workforce or highly skilled.
|Autocratic leadership||The leader has control over all the business decisions.|
|Delegation||Giving decision making powers to subordinates (workers).|
|Democratic leadership||The leader asks for and respects the decisions from the workforce.|
|Empowerment||Delegating power to employees so they can make their own decisions.|
|Flat organisational structure||Lots of workers, not many levels of management.|
|Hard human resource management||The workers are one of many assets in a business, and hired and fired depending on the current needs of the business.|
|Induction||Specific training at the start of new job.|
|Labour turnover||How many workers leave over a time period as a percentage of the whole workforce.|
|Soft human resource management||Workers are the key asset in the business and need to be nurtured.|
|Tall organisational structure||Lots of levels of management, with only a few workers under each manager.|
|Value added||Increasing the value of a product so that someone is prepared to pay more for it.|