# Simple Charts

- Simple charts are visual representations of data, often utilised to make statistical analysis more understandable
- There are various types of simple charts, such as bar graphs, pie charts, line graphs and histograms
- Bar graphs highlight categorical data in rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values they represent
- Pie charts illustrate numerical proportions, where each proportion is presented by a slice of the ‘pie’
- Line graphs display information as a series of data points connected by straight line segments
- Histograms represent data distribution by forming bins along the range of the data and drawing bars to indicate the number of observations that fall in each bin
- Reading and interpreting these charts forms a crucial aspect of basic question-solving skills in statistics and probability
- It’s important to correctly label the axes of a histogram, bar and line graphs. Usually, the x-axis (horizontal) indicates the categories, while the y-axis (vertical) indicates the frequency or percentage
- When analysing pie charts, be aware that the entire pie represents 100%, and each segment represents a part of that total
- Comparisons between data sets can often be made more easily with the use of multiple bar graphs or line graphs on the same axes
- Misleading charts can occur when the scales are not uniform or when the data is not represented accurately. It’s necessary to critically analyse each graph to ensure it provides the correct information.