Describe Trial Processes

Describe Trial Processes

Initial Stages of the Trial Process

  • Arraignment: This is the first stage in a courtroom trial where the suspect is read the charges against them. The suspect will then be asked to plead guilty or not guilty.

  • Plea bargaining: This is a negotiation between the suspect’s and prosecutor’s legal representatives. The suspect may agree to plead guilty in exchange for a lesser charge or a more lenient sentence.

Pre-Trial Stages

  • Disclosure: This is where both sides, the prosecution and defence, share their evidence with each other.

  • Pre-trial motions: These are legal arguments that happen before the trial begins. They may challenge the admissibility of evidence or aim to get the case dismissed.

The Trial

  • Opening statements: Both sides present an overview of the case they will attempt to prove.

  • Presentation of evidence: The prosecution presents its evidence first, also known as the Case-in-chief. This is then followed by the defence.

  • Cross-examination: Witnesses are questioned by the opposing side to challenge their credibility and evidence.

Closing Stages of the Trial

  • Closing arguments: Both the prosecution and the defence summarise their case for the jury.

  • Jury deliberation: The jury retires to discuss and decide on the guilt or innocence of the defendant.

  • Verdict: The jury announces its decision. If the defendant is found guilty, sentencing will occur at a later date. In case of a non-guilty verdict, the defendant is free to go.