Describe Processes Used for Law Making

Describe Processes Used for Law Making

Processes Used for Law Making

Drafting of Bills

  • The law-making process begins with the drafting of a Bill. This is a proposal for a new law or a change to an existing law.
  • Bills can be drafted by either Members of Parliament (MPs) or by the government itself.

Types of Bills

  • There are three types of Bills: Public Bills, Private Bills and Hybrid Bills.
  • Public Bills are the most common and deal with matters affecting the general populace.
  • Private Bills only apply to individual people or places.
  • Hybrid Bills contain elements of both Public and Private Bills.

Passage through Parliament

  • Once a Bill has been drafted, it must pass through several stages in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
  • The stages are: First Reading, Second Reading, Committee Stage, Report Stage and Third Reading.

Royal Assent

  • After a Bill has been approved by both Houses, it requires the Royal Assent to become law. This is the formal agreement of the Monarch.

Bills into Law

  • Once the Monarch gives Royal Assent, the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament and is enforceable by law.

Law Review

  • Laws are constantly under review. Changes in society may render some laws outdated, in which case they may be amended or replaced via the same law-making process.

By understanding these processes, you will be better equipped to understand how laws in England and Wales are created and modified.