Analyze a text, making inferences and deductions from what is written

Analyze a text, making inferences and deductions from what is written

Analysing the Text

  • Begin by reading the text closely to understand its overall content.
  • Look for explicit and implicit information. Remember, the text may not spell everything out directly. Look for hidden or underlying meanings.
  • Notice any vocabulary or phrases that indicate an opinion, such as “It appears that…” or “It could be argued that…” These phrases often hint towards the author’s opinion or bias.

Making Inferences

  • Inferences are conclusions that you draw about unspoken or unwritten information based on what is actually written.
  • When making inferences, draw on your knowledge and life experience, as well as evidence from the text.
  • Look for emotive language, descriptive language, or personal anecdotes. These might provide hints about the author’s viewpoint or intention.

Making Deductions

  • Deductions focus more specifically on the facts and details within the text.
  • Identify concrete data such as statistics or other quantifiable information. Such information is often used to bolster a particular viewpoint or argument.
  • Be aware of any inconsistencies or contradictions in the information provided. These could indicate bias or misrepresentation of the facts.

Evaluating the Text

  • Analyse the purpose and context of a text. Ask yourself whether the text aims to inform, persuade, or entertain.
  • Use your inferences and deductions to determine the implicit and explicit messages of the text.
  • Remember that valid arguments can sometimes be made from opposing viewpoints. Try to engage critically with the information and arguments presented.