Plan, draft and organize writing

Plan, draft and organize writing

Planning Your Writing

  • Writing starts before you put pen to paper: brainstorming, mindmapping, and outlining are all keys to successful writing.
  • Identify key points: for argumentative pieces, identify your points for and against, and for informational pieces, identify the main facts or ideas you wish to communicate.
  • Begin by forming a clear thesis statement or purpose for your writing. This acts as your guide throughout the writing process.
  • Order your points logically: chronologically, in order of importance, spatially, or causally, depending on your purpose and audience.
  • Consider paragraph structure: each paragraph should focus on one key point or idea.

Drafting Your Writing

  • First drafts are not about perfection, but getting your ideas down on paper. Do not worry too much about grammar and spelling at this stage.
  • Focus on developing a clear and persuasive argument, narrative, or exposition in line with your initial plan.
  • Aim to open your writing with an engaging introduction that clearly indicates your topic and purpose.
  • Make sure each paragraph transitions smoothly to the next, maintaining a logical flow and cohesion in your writing.

Organising Your Writing

  • Ensure each point or idea is neatly encapsulated within its own paragraph. This helps organise your writing and enhances reader comprehension.
  • Make effective use of signposting language (e.g., furthermore, however, therefore) to guide your reader through your argument or narrative.
  • Use a range of sentences structures and lengths to maintain reader interest.
  • Employ rhetorical devices to achieve your purpose, such as emotional language to persuade, detailed descriptions to explain, and vivid imagery to entertain.
  • Conclude your writing by reiterating your main point or by providing a thoughtful comment or summary.

Revising Your Writing

  • Your first draft is your work-in-progress. Revising your draft is a process of refinement.
  • Re-read your work with a critical eye. Look for areas that may be unclear, repetitive, or off-topic, and revise for clarity, conciseness, and relevance.
  • Refine your argument or narrative. Make sure your writing has a clear purpose and effectively communicates your message.
  • Check for consistency in terms of tone, style, and the use of tense.
  • Consider asking a friend, teacher, or family member to review your writing. They may spot areas of improvement you may have missed.