Theory and Administration of Basic Animal Treatments

Theory and Administration of Basic Animal Treatments

Recognising Signs of Ill Health

  • Animals may display certain warning signs when ill or in discomfort, such as unresponsiveness, reduced appetite or unusual behaviour.
  • Changes in body temperature, respiration rates, pulse rate or colour of mucous membranes can indicate illness.
  • Some diseases cause visible skin problems, including rashes, loss of fur or feathers, or the presence of parasites.

Types of Animal Treatments

  • Topical treatments are applied externally, usually to the skin, eyes or ears, and include creams, lotions and shampoos.
  • Oral treatments are administered through the mouth and include tablets and liquids. Some are given freely, while others must be disguised in food due to taste issues.
  • Injections deliver medication directly into an animal’s body and may be subcutaneous (under the skin), intramuscular (into muscle) or intravenous (into a vein).

Administering Animal Treatments

  • When administering treatment, it’s essential to follow the prescribed dosages from a vet or animal healthcare professional.
  • Animals must be handled gently and kept calm, and some treatments may need an extra person’s aid. Safety should always be a priority.
  • Prepare the medication and check the animal’s details before administrating, ensure the animal is comfortable, and maintain a clean environment to avoid infections.

Monitoring and Aftercare

  • After treatment, animals need monitoring for adverse reactions or improvements.
  • If there are new symptoms or the condition worsens, a professional should be contacted.
  • Some treatments may cause temporary discomfort or behavioural changes that needs to be accommodated.

Importance of Record Keeping

  • Record keeping is vital for tracking treatment administration, responses, and recovery.
  • Records should include dates, times, dosages given, changes in condition, or any unusual behaviour.
  • Good documentation allows effective tracking, easy reference for future medical needs and ensures any changes are noticed quickly.

Adherence to Legislation

  • Animal administered to treatment should always adhere to the Animal Welfare Act 2006.
  • Medicinal products must be stored, used, and disposed of according to Veterinary Medicines Regulations.
  • It’s crucial to follow any guidelines for specific treatments or conditions to ensure legality and animal welfare.