American victory

American victory

Defeat of British at Saratoga

  • The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point in the American Revolution.
  • It took place in 1777 and was a major defeat for the British, which boosted the morale of the American troops.
  • It also brought France into the war on the side of the colonies, providing much needed resources and support.

Arrival of French Aid

  • After Saratoga, French Aid arrived, which played a significant role in the outcome of the war.
  • The French provided military support, financial aid, and naval power, greatly strengthening America’s fighting capabilities.
  • They also put increased international pressure on Britain, effectively turning a colonial rebellion into a global conflict.

Victory at Yorktown

  • The Battle of Yorktown in 1781 was the last great battle of the American Revolutionary War.
  • It was a victory for the American and French forces, leading to the capture of a large British force commanded by General Cornwallis.
  • This decisive victory ultimately led to the end of major fighting and initiated peace negotiations between the nations.

Treaty of Paris

  • The Treaty of Paris, signed in 1783, formally ended the American Revolutionary War.
  • Under the treaty, Britain acknowledged the United States as a free and independent nation.
  • The treaty also outlined the new boundaries of the United States, including all land east of the Mississippi River and south of Canada.

Impact on Britain and America

  • Britain, although humbled by the defeat, remained a major world power with a vast empire apart from America.
  • For America, the victory marked the birth of a new independent nation, with democratic ideals and aspirations for liberty.
  • The American Revolution impacted the wider world too, inspiring revolutionary movements in Europe and elsewhere. It has been seen as a landmark event in the age of Enlightenment.