Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Emission Consequences

Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Emission Consequences

  • Fossil fuel combustion generates the majority of carbon dioxide (CO2). This raises the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere, leading to global warming and climate change.

  • Deforestation also elevates the CO2 levels. Trees absorb CO2 during photosynthesis, so reduced tree population equals increased CO2.

  • An increase in CO2 can result in ocean acidification. Increased CO2 levels cause more CO2 to be absorbed by seawater, forming carbonic acid. This can harm marine wildlife, particularly organisms with calcium carbonate shells.

  • Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is mainly produced from the combustion of fossil fuels that contain sulphur impurities.

  • SO2 can dissolve in water vapour to form acid rain (sulphurous acid). Acid rain can harm wildlife, damage buildings, and negatively affect soil quality.

  • Stricter regulations on sulphur content in fuels and the installation of flue gas desulfurization systems in power plants have been used to help reduce SO2 emissions.

  • Understanding the consequences of these emissions can help us develop strategies to reduce their negative impact. Improvements can be made in areas such as energy usage, industrial processes, vehicle technologies, and reforestation efforts. These can moderate the levels of CO2 and SO2 in our environment.