Holidays and travel
- Religious tourism and pilgrimage became popular.
- Crusades were a form of religious pilgrimage that involved long travels to Jerusalem.
- Far-flung travels were undertaken by explorers like Marco Polo and recorded in travelogues.
- Most of the population had few and infrequent holidays, usually tied to religious or harvest festivals.
Early Modern (1500-1750)
- The Grand Tour became a popular custom among young aristocrats, primarily designed to broaden their education.
- Thomas Cook organized the first package holidays in England in the mid 19th century, including train trips.
- Improved transportation allowed for longer distance travel like rail and steamship.
- General public still had few holidays, with occasional feasts or fairs.
Industrial Revolution (1750-1900)
- Building of public parks provided leisure areas.
- Increase in worker leisure time due to shorter working hours.
- Device known as the magic lantern projected images on walls, a precursor to the cinema.
- Steamboats and railways made travel faster and cheaper.
- The Bank Holiday Act of 1871 gave workers a few paid holidays each year.
- Seaside resorts, such as Blackpool, became popular due to railway expansion.
20th Century Present Day
- Development of the automobile and the aeroplane allowed mass tourism.
- The concept of cheap package holidays allowed more people to travel abroad.
- Introduction of paid holiday leave from work by law.
- Creation of theme parks such as Disneyland offer leisure and entertainment.
- The internet now offers easy booking of holidays and allows exploration of holiday destinations virtually.
- More recent trends towards staycations and eco-tourism reflecting environmental concerns.
- Olympics and World Cup events have turned into global tourism affairs.