Conjunctions in Spanish

  • Conjunctions in Spanish are used to connect words, phrases, and clauses. These are words such as y (and), o (or), pero (but), porque (because), aunque (although), etc.

Coordinating Conjunctions

  • Coordinating conjunctions are used to link parts of the sentence that are grammatically equal or similar in importance. Examples include y (and), o/ó (or), pero (but), ni (nor), sino (but rather).

  • Remember, use ó (instead of o) when the word that follows begins with an “o” or “ho” like in “hombre ó mujer” (man or woman).

Subordinating Conjunctions

  • Subordinating conjunctions connect a main clause with a subordinate (or dependent) clause, giving additional context or details to the main clause. Examples include porque (because), aunque (although), cuando (when), si (if).

  • Pay attention to si (if) in Spanish, as unlike English, Spanish does not use the word for hypothetical sentences. Instead, it uses the subjunctive mood: “Si tuviera dinero, viajaría por el mundo” (If I had money, I’d travel the world).

Conjunctions in Negative Sentences

  • Be mindful of Spanish conjunctions in negative sentences. For instance, no (no) is used before the verb, and words like nunca (never), nadie (nobody), nada (nothing), take place after the verb: “No tengo nada” (I have nothing).

  • To say neither/nor or either/or in Spanish, use ni…ni and o…o respectively: “Ni tú ni yo” (Neither you nor I) / “O tú o yo” (Either you or I).

Conjunctive Phrases

  • Some conjunctions are actually conjunctive phrases, meaning they are made up of two or more words. Examples include a pesar de que (despite), antes de que (before), en caso de que (in case), para que (so that).

  • Para que and antes de que are followed by the subjunctive: “Estudia para que apruebes” (Study so that you pass).