# Numbers and Quantities

## Numbers and Quantities

## Numbers

**Cero (0):**Zero**Uno/Dos/Tres (1/2/3):**One, Two, Three. Remember the pronunciation of these basic numbers.**Diez/Veinte/Treinta (10/20/30):**Ten, Twenty, Thirty. Notice the pattern for forming multiples of ten.**Once/Doce/Trece (11/12/13):**Eleven, Twelve, Thirteen. These differ slightly from the pattern of other ‘teens.’**Catorce a Diecinueve (14-19):**Fourteen to Nineteen. These are formed by stating ‘ten’ (diez) plus the unit (cuatro, cinco, etc.).**Cientos, Miles, Millones (100s, 1000s, 1000000s):**Use “cien” for exactly 100, and “ciento” when it’s more than 100.

## Quantities

**Mucho/Poco:**Much, Little. These are important opposites, used to express quantity.**Más/Menos:**More, Less. Familiarise yourself with these common comparatives.**Tanto/Cuanto:**As much as, As many as. Use these when comparing quantities or amounts.**Todo/Algunos/Ninguno:**All, Some, None. These refer to the number in a group, useful in a wide variety of situations.**Primero/Último:**First, Last. Understand these to express numerical order.**Cada:**Each. It’s useful to express repeated quantities, like prices per unit.

## Use of Numbers and Quantities in Context

- Practice using
**quantities**in context. For example: “Tengo**tres**hermanos” (I have three brothers). - Explain how much there is of something, e.g., “Hay
**mucho**tráfico” (There is a lot of traffic). - Compare quantities using
**más/menos**, such as “Hoy hace**más**calor que ayer” (Today is hotter than yesterday). - Use
**todo/algunos/ninguno**for describing groups, “**Todos**los estudiantes deben estudiar para el examen” (All students should study for the exam). - Utilise expressions of
**numerical order**, for example “Es el**primer**día de la primavera” (It’s the first day of spring). - Use
**cada**to refer to items or happenings that occur individually or at regular intervals, like “Cuesta cinco euros**cada**uno” (It costs five euros each).