Subject Pronouns

Subject Pronouns

  • Subject pronouns in Spanish are used to indicate who is performing an action. They are words such as yo (I), tú (you, singular informal), él/ella/usted (he/she/you formal singular), nosotros/nosotras (we), vosotros/vosotras (you plural, Spain), ellos/ellas/ustedes (they/you plural).

  • Spanish uses different subject pronouns for different registers. Usted (you, singular) and ustedes (you, plural) are used to address someone more formally. They follow the same verb conjugation as él/ella and ellos/ellas respectively.

  • When addressing a group informally, Spanish in Spain uses vosotros/vosotras (you all). However, in Latin America, ustedes is used both formally and informally.

  • In Spanish, use of subject pronouns can often be omitted, as the verb ending usually provides information about the subject: “Yo leo el libro” (I read the book) can also be written as “Leo el libro” (I read the book), without losing the sense of the sentence.

Feminine and Masculine

  • Spanish has gender-specific pronouns for the first-person plural and second-person plural form. Nosotros when the group consists of males only or a mix, and nosotras when the group consists of females only. The same applies with vosotros/vosotras.

Essential Pronouns

  • Essential pronouns to understand include: yo (I), (you, singular informal), él (he), ella (she), usted (you, formal singular), nosotros/nosotras (we), vosotros/vosotras (you, plural informal), ellos/ellas (they), ustedes (you, formal plural).

Reflexive Pronouns

  • Reflexive pronouns mark actions done to oneself. They include: me (myself), te (yourself, singular), se (himself, herself, itself, yourself formal), nos (ourselves), os (yourselves, Spain), se (themselves, yourselves). They always agree with the subject: “Yo me miro en el espejo” (I look at myself in the mirror).