Capital letters are required on named nouns (Proper Nouns). They could be a place, person or company name.

E.g. Manchester United is the name of the football club.

England is the name of a country.


Full stops go at the end of a statement. It is usually an unemotive sentence.


Question marks end a question. Clues that the sentence is a question include ‘how,’ ‘why’, ‘when’, ‘where’ and ‘who’. A ‘?’ is required at the end.

E.g. ‘How are you feeling today?’


Exclamation marks end an emotive statement. They usually show expression of thought. A ‘!’ is required at the end.

E.g. ‘Come here, now!’ shouted Mum.

when is a question mark used?
how would you use a colon?
when would you use an exclamation mark?