Words the foundation of your writing. Like building blocks, you need to select the right words at the right time to produce a purposeful and solid structure.
Take your reader on a journey through use of your word choices. Make deliberate selections that are thought-provoking and rich in meaning. Such choices should intend to evoke an emotional response from the reader. Stimulate their senses such as, sight, sound, touch, taste and scent. Aim for the reader to feel so immersed in your world that the words feel tangible.
Familiarise yourself with the main word classes:
Abstract - state or emotion that you cannot physically touch, anger
Situation, be, have
Describes the noun, luxurious, red, messy
Gives more information about a verb or adjective, nearly, quickly
__Personal __- Used in place of a noun, often to avoid repetition,
__Subjective __- Acts as subjects of the verbs, I, you, we, he, she, it, they
__Objective __- Acts as the objects of verbs and prepositions, me, you, us, him, her, it, them
__Possessive __- Refer to something that is owned, mine, yours, hers, his, ours, theirs
__Reflexive __- Referring back to the subject of the clause, myself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
Show the relationship between the noun and pronoun. Often explaining where something is, above, before, in, under, with
Connect clauses, phrases and sentences
Co-ordinating conjunctions, For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So (In English grammar there are only seven and you do not place a comma before them!)
Sub-ordinating conjunctions, Whilst, After, Although, Because, Since (In English grammar there many and you must place a comma either directly before them or within the clause!)
Introduces the noun, a/an, the, this, those
Word or phrase that conveys a strong emotion and often followed by an exclamation mark
Connectives & Comparative Phrases
Sometimes writers get stuck in a rut of beginning their sentences with the same types of words. Soon this becomes very boring to read. Add vibrancy to your writing by using a range of interesting words and phrases.
Here is a rubric that has some useful prompts:
__Next __ On the Other Hand Whereas
But Although Rather
Later Therefore Moreover
- What type of words should you select?
- Your answer should include: Thought-Provoking / Stimulating / Rich
- Which type of words give more information about verbs and adjectives?
- How can you add vibrancy to your sentences?
- Your answer should include: Varied / Openers / Different / Words