Planes and Axes of Movement

Planes and Axes of Movement

  • Movement happens within the body along three different planes: the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes.

  • The sagittal plane divides the body into left and right halves. Movements along this plane are primarily backwards and forwards, such as running or jumping.

  • The frontal plane, also known as the coronal plane, separates the body into front and back portions. Actions like sidestepping or doing star jumps are performed along this plane.

  • The transverse plane splits the body into top and bottom halves. Movements in this plane typically involve rotation, such as twisting the torso or turning the head.

  • Each of these planes of movement is paired with an axis of rotation.

  • The sagittal plane is associated with the transverse axis. When a body part moves in the sagittal plane, it rotates around the transverse axis.

  • The frontal plane pairs with the sagittal axis; movements in the frontal plane rotate around the sagittal axis.

  • Rotation on the transverse plane takes place around the vertical axis.

  • It’s necessary to understand both planes and axes of movement to fully grasp how the body performs different actions and activities in physical education.

  • Not all movement will fall strictly into one plane or axis; many athletic actions occur across multiple planes and axes simultaneously.

  • Understanding these planes and axes allows for a more in-depth analysis of movement and the efficiency of various sporting techniques.