Elements of design (line, form, space, texture, color)

Elements of design (line, form, space, texture, color)

Elements of Design


  • Lines are fundamental to all floral designs, leading the eye through the composition and creating movement.
  • Manages the flow and direction of arrangement, with horizontal lines providing stability while vertical lines imparting height and dignity.
  • Curved lines suggest softness and informality. They deliver a fluid, natural feel, emulating the curves commonly found in nature.
  • Diagonal lines elicit dynamic and dramatic feelings, symbolizing movement and excitement.


  • The term form relates to the shape and structure of individual plants and the total floral composition.
  • Open form flower arrangements have an airy feel and are asymmetrical, while closed form arrangements are quite the opposite.
  • The various forms include linear, round, oval, triangular, and crescent.
  • Study of the forms ensures balance and harmony in the end design.


  • Space is a crucial element that defines how elements of a design relate to each other, as well as the overall balance and harmony.
  • Space in floral design can be positive (filled with flowers, foliage, or other elements) or negative (empty areas).
  • Space can influence the viewer’s focal point and create an impression of depth when used correctly.
  • Manipulation of space can emphasize or diminish certain elements in the design.


  • Texture describes the surface quality of the materials in an interior planting scheme, enhancing its visual appeal.
  • It can range from fine, smooth surfaces such as those found on leaves and petals, to coarse, rough textures presented by bark and certain foliage types.
  • Texture can be used effectively to contrast elements.
  • It can provide an oft-overlooked depth and dynamism to the floral arrangement.


  • Color is a powerful force in floral design, playing a crucial role in setting the mood and conveying emotion.
  • The color wheel provides a useful framework for understanding color relationships and creating visually engaging designs.
  • Primary colors (red, blue, yellow), secondary colors (orange, green, purple), and tertiary colors (mix of primary and secondary) can all be used.
  • Understanding the psychology of color can help create impactful designs.

Remember, successful design often involves a balance of all these elements, not just one or two.