Functions of Parliament

Functions of Parliament

Making Law

  • Parliament is the highest legal authority in the UK and creates statutes–which are the highest form of law.
  • Private Members’ Bills, although less common and often less successful, can also become law.


  • Members of Parliament (MPs) are elected to represent the viewpoints and interests of their constituents.
  • The House of Lords provides representation for non-elected figures, adding a diverse range of experience to legislative and policy debates.

Furthering Democracy

  • The democratic nature of the House of Commons, through the election of MPs by the public, helps confer legitimacy on law-making.
  • The existence of Parliament as a forum for discussion and debate aids democratic decision-making.

Scrutinizing the Government

  • Select Committees in the House of Commons and House of Lords play a big role in scrutinizing government actions.
  • Question Times and Prime Ministers’ Questions are also important occasions where Parliament holds the government accountable for its actions.

Redressing Grievances

  • MPs can present petitions from constituents, helping the public to air grievances.
  • The House of Lords is crucial in judicial review and appeals, making it a significant forum for redress against decisions made by public bodies.