Frankenstein: Writer's Techniques

Frankenstein: Writer’s Techniques

  • Structure of the Novel: Constructed as a frame narrative, Frankenstein masterfully employs the storytelling mechanism of a story within a story, enhancing drama and allowing for multiple perspectives.
  • Atmosphere of the Novel: Mary Shelley creates a dark, ominous atmosphere, effectively using the backdrop of isolation, despair, and the omnipresent threat of life-altering scientific advancements to heighten tension.
  • Narrative in Frankenstein: The narrative shifts between three perspectives (the Captain, Victor Frankenstein, and the creature), helping to highlight the psychological complexity and moral ambiguity of each character.
  • Language in Frankenstein: Shelley’s language is characterised by highly descriptive, gothic and archaic diction, setting a romantic yet dismal tone, and emphasising the scientific and philosophical themes.
  • Imagery in Frankenstein: Vivid and grotesque imagery, particularly of the creature and the natural environment, enhance the themes of horror, isolation, and the tragic consequences of unbridled scientific ambition.
  • Symbolism in Frankenstein: Frankenstein is rich in symbolism, with elements like the creature, the Arctic, and lightning representing bigger ideas such as humanity’s fear of the unknown, ambitions, and profound isolation.