The Ten Obligatory Acts of Shi'a Islam

The Ten Obligatory Acts of Shi’a Islam

#Salah (Prayer)

  • Represents direct link between the worshipper and Allah.
  • Prayers performed five times a day at specific times.
  • Each prayer comprises units called rak’ahs.
  • Focuses on submission (Islam means ‘submission’) and commitment to Allah.

#Sawm (Fasting)

  • Obligation during the month of Ramadan.
  • From dawn to sunset, eating, drinking, smoking and sexual activity is forbidden.
  • Expresses sympathy for those less fortunate and deepens appreciation for Allah’s gifts.
  • Promotes physical and spiritual purity.

#Zakat (Charitable Giving)

  • Means ‘purification’ and ‘growth’.
  • Fixed percentage of income given to the poor and needy.
  • Helps to establish economic justice in society.

#Khums (Wealth tax)

  • 20% tax on any profit earned.
  • Divided into two: one part to Islamic religious leaders, the other to charity.
  • Fosters a senses of responsibility towards the less fortunate.

#Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca)

  • A once in a lifetime journey to Mecca during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah.
  • Shows solidarity with Muslims worldwide and fosters a sense of equality.

#Jihad (Struggle)

  • Greater Jihad: the struggle against evil within oneself.
  • Lesser Jihad: the struggle against evil in society.
  • Does not necessarily mean ‘holy war’; instead, represents striving to be a good Muslim.

#Amr-Bil-Maroof (Enjoining Good)

  • Duty to encourage others to do what is right according to Islam.
  • Promotes a virtuous society.

#Nahi Anil Munkar (Forbidding Evil)

  • Duty to discourage others from doing what is wrong according to Islam.
  • Contributes to the maintenance of a moral and just society.

#Tawalla (Love for the family of Prophet)

  • To show love towards the Prophet Muhammad and his family.
  • Acknowledges their examples and follows their ways.

#Tabarra (Disassociation)

  • Keeping away from the enemies of the Prophet Muhammad and Allah.
  • Protects the principles of Islam, upholds justice.