• Worship in Sikhism primarily takes place in a Gurdwara, which is a Sikh temple. However, Sikhs are also encouraged to worship throughout the day, no matter where they are.

  • The focus of worship in Sikhism is the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book. It’s considered the living Guru, and given the utmost respect.

  • Worship often involves singing hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib, called kirtan. Kirtan is usually accompanied by musical instruments, such as the harmonium and tabla.

  • Devotees show respect by bowing before the Guru Granth Sahib when entering the Gurdwara. This act, known as Matha Tekna, signifies submission to the teachings of the Gurus.

  • Another aspect of worship is the Ardas, a communal prayer that is recited in the presence of the Guru Granth Sahib. This prayer asks for wellbeing, peace, and guidance.

  • There’s also the Langar, a free community kitchen found in every Gurdwara. It’s designed to provide food for all, regardless of religion, race, or social standing, demonstrating the Sikh principle of equality.

  • Worship might include community service (sewa), as service to others is a key value in Sikhism.

  • Key rites of passage in Sikhism, including the naming of infants, marriage, and death are also considered forms of worship.

  • The practise of Simran, or the remembrance of God, is an essential part of daily Sikh worship.

  • The morning and evening prayers, Japji Sahib and Rehras Sahib respectively, are performed daily by devout Sikhs. These prayers are composed of hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib.

  • Karah Parshad is a sweet pudding-like substance that is offered at the conclusion of all Sikh worship services. It symbolises equality and the sharing of blessings.

  • Amrit Sanchar is a key worship ceremony in Sikhism, it is the initiation ceremony where Sikhs formally commit to following the teachings of the ten Gurus and become a member of the Khalsa.

By understanding different facets of worship in Sikhism, knowledge about the faith’s rituals, ceremonies and community practises can be deepened. This includes the importance of the Guru Granth Sahib, Kirtan, Ardas, sewa and the everyday practises of a Sikh’s faith.