Understand the Influence of Different Organisations/Individuals on Scientific Issues

Understand the Influence of Different Organisations/Individuals on Scientific Issues

Influence of Organisations and Individuals on Science

Multinational Corporations

  • Multinationals often fund scientific research, which can shape the direction of scientific discoveries. They have an interest in specific research outcomes that are beneficial to their business.
  • These organisations sometimes suppress scientific findings that could harm their operations or profits, such as adverse environmental impacts or health risks.


  • Governments have the power to sponsor scientific research through public investment. This research often targets areas of social need, like healthcare or environmental preservation.
  • Legislation can regulate scientific activity, restricting some avenues of research but encouraging others (e.g., laws on animal testing or cloning).

NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations)

  • NGOs often focus on areas like environmental conservation, social justice, and public health. They can influence scientific research by lobbying, campaigning, and offering alternative funding sources.
  • NGOs such as Greenpeace or the World Health Organisation can highlight neglected areas of research and propose alternative ways to tackle global problems.

Individual Scientists

  • Individual scientists can also play a significant role, especially when they are regarded as experts in their field. Their voices can be influential when discussing the validity and implications of scientific results.
  • Renowned scientists often use their reputation and platform to raise awareness and propose changes in how science is conducted or applied.


  • The media is a key player as it widely distributes information and brings scientific issues to the public’s attention.
  • They can shape public opinion on scientific matters. This information can lead to societal pressure on policy changes, scientific focus, and funding allocation.

Remember that different organisations and individuals can affect science in both positive and negative ways, shaping research direction, amplifying certain issues while downplaying others, and providing or denying the necessary resources for scientific development. Always consider these influences critically.