Health Matters and Treatments Related to the Digestive System

Health Matters and Treatments Related to the Digestive System

Common Health Issues

  • Gastroenteritis: Inflammation of the digestive tract often caused by bacterial or viral infection.
  • Peptic Ulcers: Open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Acid reflux, where the stomach acid backs up into the oesophagus causing heartburn.
  • Gallstones: Solid deposits in the gallbladder that can cause pain and blockages.
  • Coeliac Disease: Autoimmune disorder where gluten leads to damage in the small intestine.


  • Gastroenteritis treatment: Rehydration is crucial; antibiotics may be prescribed if bacterial infection is suspected.
  • Peptic Ulcer treatment: Proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor blockers, or surgery in more severe cases.
  • GERD treatment: Over-the-counter antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and lifestyle changes.
  • Gallstones treatment: Medication to dissolve stones, shock wave lithotripsy, or surgery to remove the gallbladder.
  • Coeliac Disease treatment: Lifelong avoidance of gluten in the diet; nutritional supplements to replace any deficiencies.

Preventative Measures

  • Probiotics can help maintain gut health.
  • Balanced, varied diet is key to providing all necessary nutrients.
  • Regular exercise can help keep the digestive system healthy.
  • Staying hydrated supports digestion and absorption.
  • Avoiding alcohol and tobacco reduces risk of many digestive disorders.

Diagnostic Methods

  • Blood Tests: Used to detect presence of certain antibodies produced in response to specific conditions.
  • Stool Tests: Can identify infections, inflammation, bleeding, and other abnormalities.
  • Endoscopy: Used to visually examine the inside of the digestive tract.
  • Colonoscopy: Specific form of endoscopy for inspecting the colon for polyps or cancerous growths.
  • Barium X-Rays: Used to highlight certain areas of the digestive tract.