Methods of Treatment

Section 1: Methods of Treatment

  • Antibiotics are used to kill bacteria or hinder their ability to reproduce and grow. They are effective against bacterial infections but not viral infections.
  • Antiviral drugs are used to treat viral infections. Unlike antibiotics, they do not kill the virus but only suppress its replication.
  • Antifungal medicines are used to treat fungal infections. They work by damaging the cell wall of the fungus, which leads to the death of the fungus.
  • The choice of treatment depends on the exact type of pathogen causing the disease, its severity, and the patient’s health status.

Section 2: Role of Immunisation

  • Vaccines jump-start the immune system, helping it recognise and fight off diseases. They do not treat a disease but prevent it by making the body immune to specific pathogens.
  • Some vaccines provide lifelong protection, while others may need to be updated regularly to maintain immunity.

Section 3: Surgical Intervention

  • In some cases, surgical intervention may be required to treat a disease. This method is often used for diseases caused by parasites, tumours, or foreign objects.
  • The decision to opt for surgery is based on various factors, including the nature and location of disease, potential risks, and patient’s overall health.

Section 4: Treatment of Non-Infectious Diseases

  • Non-infectious diseases, such as cancer and diabetes, often require a different approach to treatment. This ranges from medical treatments such as chemotherapy for cancer, to lifestyle changes for diseases like Type 2 diabetes.

Remember that the exact method of treatment used can vary depending on numerous factors. It’s essential to understand the wide variety of treatment options available, their purpose, and when they are appropriate.