Industrial Manufacturing Techniques

Industrial Manufacturing Techniques

Health and Safety Legislation

  • Health and Safety at Work Act 1974: This serves as the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in the UK. Its goal is to secure the health and safety of people at work.

  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999: This law necessitates that companies execute an analysis of the health and safety risks to which their employees are exposed at work.

  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 2002: This legislation covers substances that are hazardous to health. It requires employers to control substances that can harm workers’ health.

Hazards in Scientific Organisations

  • Chemical hazards: These include hazardous substances like toxic, corrosive or flammable chemicals.

  • Biological hazards: These are organic substances that pose a threat to health, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

  • Physical hazards: These hazards include conditions that can harm workers, such as extreme temperatures, radiation, noise, and ergonomic issues related to lifting and repetitive motion.

Manufacturing Techniques (Organic Liquid)

  • Distillation: Is a purification process where the components of a liquid mixture are vaporised and then condensed and isolated.

  • Extraction: This technique separates compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids usually water and an organic solvent.

Manufacturing Techniques (Organic Solid)

  • Crystallisation: This is a separation technique that results in the formation of solid crystals of a substance from a solution after a process of evaporation or sublimation.

  • Filtration: A technique that separates solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by adding a medium through which only the fluid can pass.

Industrial Manufacturing Techniques

  • Batch production: This involves completing one operation at a time on all units before performing the next.

  • Continuous production: This involves all tasks being done in sequence continuously on a product, one after the other without any break.

  • Quality control: The process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production. This approach places an emphasis on three aspects: Elements such as controls, job management, defined and well managed processes.