Electrical Formulae and Relationships

Electrical Formulae and Relationships

Electricity Formulae and Concepts

Ohm’s law

  • Denotes the relationship between voltage (V), current (I) and resistance (R).
  • States that voltage across a conductor equals the product of the current and the resistance.

V = I x R

Power in Circuits

  • The power (P) generated or consumed in a circuit is the product of the voltage and the current.
  • Measured in Watts (W).

P = V x I

Energy Transfer

  • Energy (E) transferred in a circuit is the product of power and time.
  • Measured in Joules (J).

E = P x t

Resistors in Series

  • Total resistance (Rt) of resistors connected in series is the sum of individual resistance values.

Rt = R1 + R2 + ... + Rn

Resistors in Parallel

  • For resistors connected in parallel, the reciprocal of total resistance is the sum of reciprocals of individual resistances.

1/Rt = 1/R1 + 1/R2 + ... + 1/Rn

Capacitors in Series

  • The reciprocal of total capacitance in a series (Ct) is the sum of the reciprocals of individual capacitances.

1/Ct = 1/C1 + 1/C2 + ... + 1/Cn

Capacitors in Parallel

  • Total capacitance of capacitors connected in parallel is the sum of individual capacitance values.

Ct = C1 + C2 + ... + Cn