The Structure and Function of Muscular Tissue

The Structure and Function of Muscular Tissue

Structure of Muscular Tissue

The makeup of Muscle Tissue

  • Muscle Tissue is an essential part of the human body, composed of long cells known as muscle fibres.
  • These fibres contain protein filaments that have the capacity to contract, making movement possible.
  • Muscle tissue can be classified into three types depending on various aspects: skeletal, smooth, and cardiac.

Skeletal Muscle Tissue

  • Skeletal Muscle Tissue is voluntarily controlled and is attached to bones through tendons.
  • The muscle fibres have a striated appearance due to the arrangement of actin and myosin filaments.
  • Each muscle fibre in skeletal muscle is a single cell and is multinucleated.
  • This tissue helps in the movement of bones and maintenance of posture.

Smooth Muscle Tissue

  • Smooth Muscle Tissue is involuntary in nature and is found in the walls of organs and structures such as the esophagus, stomach, intestines, bronchi, uterus, urethra, blood vessels, and the arrector pili in the skin.
  • As opposed to the skeletal muscles, smooth muscles are not striated and have single nucleus.
  • These muscles propel substances through the organ by their contraction and relaxation.

Cardiac Muscle Tissue

  • Cardiac Muscle Tissue, as the name suggests, is found in the heart.
  • This type of muscle tissue is also striated but is involuntary in nature.
  • The key feature of cardiac muscle is the presence of intercalated discs, a specialized structure that helps in the conduction of electrical impulses across the heart for coordinated contraction.

Function of Muscular Tissue

  • The primary function of muscular tissue is to produce force and cause motion.
  • Muscles perform critical functions in maintaining body posture and movement of substances within the body.
  • Skeletal muscles are directly or indirectly attached to the bones and are responsible for the locomotion and any external movement.
  • Smooth muscles control the movement of substances within the organs such as the propulsion of food through the digestive tract and the contraction of blood vessels.
  • The sole function of the cardiac muscles is to keep the heart beating continuously. The contraction of the cardiac muscle propels blood into the circulation.

Remember, understanding the structure and function of muscular tissue plays a key part in understanding the human muscular system as a whole.