Classifications of Economy


•Geographical spaces shaped by individuals and communities over time

  • Place has an emotional connection to it with meaning
  • Space is just an open broad location

Clarke Fisher

Classifications of Economy, figure 1

Classifications of Economy, figure 2

Explain what the Clarke-Fisher model shows.
Your answer should include: Employment / primary / quaternary / secondary / tertiary.

Changes in Employment

Classifications of Economy, figure 1

  • __Reducing primary and secondary __sectors has consequences on low skilled workers
  • meaning unemployment rises for low skilled workers
  • Areas like Leicester (which has a stronghold over manufacturing jobs, like steel production) could make this area go into decline.
  • Fewer jobs mean less employment and a cycle of decline and depression could start in the area, affecting other jobs and education.

  • Expanding tertiary and quaternary also has consequences
  • Forcing more people to go to university
  • Creating more of a knowledge economy
  • As this happens, some people may be priced out of such an education.
  • Investment in research may rise, as well as university places.

Different Areas

Shift to a post-industrial economy in the UK has been more successful in some areas than others.

  • Growing up in poverty and the likelihood of dropping out of further education are linked to ill health later in life.
  • Also works the other way around- ill health and disability can impact people’s__ ability to work.__
  • Causes of deaths that are__ higher in deprived __areas include; cardiovascular conditions, lung cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, respiratory diseases and suicides.

Classifications of Economy, figure 1


  • 34% of children live in poverty (national average= 21%)
  • Unemployment rate for young people higher than rest of UK
  • 7% of young people not in employment, education or training
  • An increasing life expectancy however, 43% of deaths in 2010 considered premature.

Classifications of Economy, figure 2

Examine how changing employment sectors have impacted different areas of the country
Your answer should include: Workless areas / deprivation / education / health.


Classifications of Economy, figure 1

Explain what the index of multiple deprivation shows and how. Can we link inequality and deprivation to health using data?
Your answer should include: Domains / crime / health / education / income / employment / living environment / housing.


Video on inequality thinking:

These two maps compare ‘good health’ (purple map) and __pay levels __(orange map). Classifications of Economy, figure 1

There is a clear pattern, with the darker levels reporting both good health as well as higher pay.

  • Especially within London, there is a trend of very high pay (<%50k) and very good health.

The correlation reveals that indices of employment and pay can tell us more than just job status.

__In the UK, the richer you are, the more likely your health is to be good. __