Talking about the Future

Talking About the Future in Spanish

Future Tense

  • Using the Future tense in Spanish is crucial when discussing plans or predictions for the coming days, months, or years.
  • The Spanish Future tense, like English, can also express probability or uncertainty.
  • It’s formed by taking the infinitive form of the verb and adding the appropriate ending (é, ás, á, emos, éis, án). For example, ‘hablar’ becomes ‘hablaré’ (I will talk).
  • Some verbs are irregular in the future tense. These need to be memorised separately. A few common examples include ‘tener’ which becomes ‘tendré’ and ‘hacer’ which becomes ‘haré’.

Adverbs of Time

  • Adverbs of time are often used with the future tense, like ‘mañana’ (tomorrow), ‘pronto’ (soon), ‘tarde’ (late/afternoon/evening) to specify when an event will happen.

Alternative Future Expressions

  • The Spanish language also provides another way to talk about future actions - the “ir + a + infinitive” structure. Here, the verb ‘ir’ is conjugated in the present tense, followed by ‘a’ and the infinitive verb. For example, ‘Voy a estudiar’ means ‘I am going to study.’
  • The choice between using the future tense and ‘ir + a + infinitive’ usually depends on the level of certainty. If the action is definitely going to happen, often ‘ir + a + infinitive’ is used, but for less certain or more distant events, the future tense is more appropriate.

Advanced Future Expressions

  • Future perfect (habré comido - I will have eaten) is used to talk about something that will have happened by a certain time in the future.
  • Conditional tense (comería - I would eat) is necessary to talk about hypothetical future scenarios.

Tips for Mastering Future Tense

  • Always pay attention to context and understand the nuances of different future expressions in Spanish. Practice using them frequently for better grasp.