The', 'A', 'Some' and other little words

The’, ‘A’, ‘Some’ and other little words

Articles in Spanish

  • The’ in Spanish is translated as ‘El’ for singular, masculine words, ‘La’ for singular feminine words, ‘Los’ for plural, masculine words, and ‘Las’ for plural, feminine words. For example: El gato (The cat), Los gatos (The cats), La casa (The house), Las casas (The houses). Gender and number agreement is a crucial part of Spanish grammar.
  • A’ or ‘An’ in Spanish is ‘Un’ for singular, masculine nouns and ‘Una’ for singular, feminine nouns. For example: Un libro (A book), Una manzana (An apple). Again, these must agree with the gender and number of the noun they precede.
  • Some’ in Spanish can be translated to either ‘Unos’ or ‘Unas’ depending on the gender and number of the noun. ‘Unos’ is used with masculine, plural nouns whereas ‘Unas’ is used with feminine, plural nouns. For example: Unos libros (Some books), Unas manzanas (Some apples).

Pronouns and Verbs in Spanish

  • The Spanish language features two different forms of ‘You’ - a formal ‘Usted’ and an informal ‘’. Each have their own verb conjugations, so it’s important to know which one to use in the context.
  • The Spanish language also uses a direct object (me, te, lo, la, nos, os, los, las) and indirect object pronouns (me, te, le, nos, os, les) that replace nouns, which is a concept that doesn’t exist in English. For example, in the sentence ‘I give it to him’, ‘it’ and ‘him’ would be replaced with ‘le’ and ‘lo’, becoming ‘Yo se lo doy’.
  • Lastly, verbs in Spanish are conjugated differently depending on the subject of the sentence. It’s crucial to learn the endings for the different tenses and moods. For example: ‘Yo hablo’ (I speak), ‘Tú hablas’ (you speak), ‘Él/Ella habla’ (he/she speaks).

Additional Syntax Points

  • Additional little words that can be crucial for meaning include prepositions like ‘a’ (to), ‘de’ (of, from), ‘en’ (in, on), ‘con’ (with), and ‘por’ or ‘para’, both of which mean ‘for’ but have different uses.
  • Adjectives generally come after the noun they describe and must match the gender and number of the noun. For example: Una casa grande (A big house), Unos libros interesantes (Some interesting books).


This overview of little words and other grammatical points should provide useful in enhancing your understanding and competency in Spanish grammar.