Topic: Healthy and Unhealthy Living

Topic: Healthy and Unhealthy Living

Healthy and Unhealthy Living (Vida sana e insana)

Understanding Healthy Living

  • Important aspects of a balanced diet: Discuss the components of a balanced diet (dieta equilibrada), such as proteins (proteínas), carbohydrates (carbohidratos), fats (grasas), vitamins (vitaminas) and minerals (minerales).
  • Role of exercise in maintaining health: Know the Spanish vocabulary for different types of exercises such as jogging (correr), swimming (nadar), cycling (ciclismo) and their importance.

Understanding Unhealthy Living

  • Health problems due to unhealthy lifestyle: Mention High blood pressure (hipertensión), diabetes (diabetes), obesity (obesidad), and heart diseases (enfermedades cardiacas) caused by unhealthy living.
  • Dangers of addictive substances: Speak about the harmful effects (efectos perjudiciales) of tobacco, alcohol and drugs on the human body.
  • Effects of a stationary lifestyle: Understand the drawbacks of inactivity (inactividad), including sedentary lifestyle (vida sedentaria), mental health issues (problemas de salud mental), and stress (estrés).

Role of Government and Public Health Initiatives

  • Government and public health campaigns: Discuss initiatives like promoting healthy food (promover alimentos saludables), public health awareness campaigns (campañas de concientización de salud pública), and infrastructural supports like public parks, cycle tracks etc (parques públicos, pistas de ciclismo, etc.)

Discussing Local and Global Perspectives

  • Global and local perspectives of health issues: Try to understand the global and local relevance of these issues. Discuss issues like the problem of obesity in the USA (problema de obesidad en Estados Unidos) and local fitness campaigns in your town.

Developing Opinion Expression Skills

  • Express opinions on various statements: Learn how to agree or disagree with statements like “Physical education should be mandatory in schools” (La educación física debería ser obligatoria en las escuelas), or “Junk food should be banned” (La comida chatarra debería ser prohibida).

Remember: It’s important to use complex structures, including a mix of tenses (present, past, future), subjunctive mood and conditionals to express uncertainty or hypothetical situations, and a wide range of vocabulary and phrases