Describing People

Understanding Spanish Vocabulary for Describing People

Family related vocabulary:

  • madre (mother)
  • padre (father)
  • hermano (brother)
  • hermana (sister)

Character related adjectives:

  • amable (kind)
  • divertido (fun)
  • serio (serious)
  • maleducado (rude)

Matching Gender and Using Verbs

Matching the gender of adjectives with the person you’re describing:

  • Remember to use terms such ‘inteligente’ correctly for both male and female - un chico inteligente (an intelligent boy) or una chica inteligente (an intelligent girl).

Using verbs ‘ser’ and ‘tener’ in descriptions:

  • Practice using verbs like ser (to be) for qualities or characteristics.
  • Use tener (to have) for physical descriptions like ‘tener ojos azules’ (to have blue eyes).
  • Don’t forget to use estar (to be) for temporary conditions or states such as ‘ella está enfadada’ (she is angry).

Building and Connecting Sentences

Use of sentence connectives:

  • Shape sentences using connectives like y (and), pero (but), también (also), or sin embargo (however).

Physical Descriptions:

  • Practice the vocabulary related to physical descriptions: alto/a (tall), bajo/a (short), gordo/a (fat), and delgado/a (thin) etc.

Usage of Tenses, Reflexive Verbs and Possessive Adjectives

Applying tenses:

  • Remember the importance of using different tenses. Describe past events using the preterite and imperfect tenses, and future events with the future tense or ir + a + infinitive construction.

Usage of reflexive verbs:

  • Get comfortable using reflexive verbs such as me llamo (my name is), se llama (his/her name is).

Correct use of possessive adjectives:

  • Learn to use possessive adjectives correctly. For example mi (my), tu (your), su (his/her), nuestro/a (our), vuestro/a (your), su (their).

Discussing Interests and Using Pronouns

Discussing interests with ‘gustar’:

  • Discuss interests and hobbies using verbs like gustar (to like). For example, a mi hermano le gusta el fútbol (my brother likes football).

Avoiding repetition with pronouns:

  • Practice using pronouns regularly to avoid unnecessary repetition: él/ella (he/she), nosotros/nosotras (we), vosotros/vosotras (you, plural) and ellos/ellas (they).

The more you use and practise this vocabulary and these structures, the more confident you will become in your Spanish speaking and writing abilities.