Words for People and Objects

Words for People and Objects

Words Genders and Relationships

  • Familiarise yourself with the Spanish word genders. In Spanish, words are either masculine or feminine. A general rule is that words ending in ‘o’ are masculine (el libro - the book), and words ending in ‘a’ are feminine (la mesa - the table).
  • Understand that gender also impacts the adjectives you use. Adjectives will reflect the masculine or feminine form of the noun they describe (el libro interesante - the interesting book, la mesa interesante - the interesting table).
  • Be aware of exceptions like el día (the day), which although ending with ‘a’ is a masculine noun.

Professions and Objects

  • Learn vocabulary for different professions in both their masculine and feminine forms (el profesor - the teacher (male), la profesora - the teacher (female)).
  • Remember that objects can have human attributes in Spanish. This is common when referring to body parts or personal possessions (La mano - the hand, always referred to as ‘her’ or ‘she’ in Spanish).

Plural Forms

  • Learn regular and irregular Plural forms. In Spanish, generally, nouns and adjectives form plural by adding ‘-s’ if it ends with a vowel or ‘-es’ if it ends with a consonant.

Pronouns and Vocabulary

  • Practice possessive pronouns as they also reflect gender and numbers. E.g. my book could be “mi libro” or “mis libros” while my table could be “mi mesa” or “mis mesas”.
  • Familiarise yourself with object pronouns, both direct and indirect. These change according to gender and number. For instance, “I see him (male)/it (object)” would translate to “Lo veo” while “I see her/them” could be “La veo” or “Las veo”.
  • In Spanish, there are many words for people that do not change their form whether they are masculine or feminine. For example: “la víctima” can refer to a male or female victim, and “la persona” can mean a male or female person.


  • Finally, practise makes perfect! Regularly drill these grammar points with flashcards or worksheets to help them become second nature.