The Home

Describing the Home

  • Basics of Describing the Home: This involves using adjectives to describe the state and the size of the house or apartment. For example, “La casa es grande” means “The house is big”. If it is old or new, you can use the words ‘viejo/vieja’ or ‘nuevo/nueva’ respectively.
  • Comparing Homes: Use comparative words like ‘más grande que’ (bigger than), ‘menor que’ (smaller than), ‘tan grande como’ (as big as), etc, to compare your house with others.
  • Living Conditions: Be able to speak about your living conditions using phrases like ‘Vivo en una casa con mucho espacio’ (I live in a spacious house), or ‘Mi apartamento es bastante pequeño’ (My apartment is quite small).

Terms for the Home

  • Types of Residences: Learn the key vocabulary for various types of homes such as ‘casa’ (house), ‘apartamento’ (apartment), ‘chalé’ (chalet), ‘vivienda’ (dwelling), ‘piso’ (flat), and ‘granja’ (farm).
  • Rooms and Features: Understand the Spanish words for different parts of the house. For instance, ‘cocina’ (kitchen), ‘baño’ (bathroom), ‘sala de estar’ (living room), ‘dormitorio’ (bedroom), ‘jardín’ (garden), ‘garaje’ (garage), ‘ático’ (attic) and ‘sótano’ (basement).
  • Furnishings and Appliances: Learn the relevant terms for furniture like ‘la mesa’ (the table), ‘la cama’ (the bed) and ‘la silla’ (the chair), and appliances like ‘la nevera’ (the fridge), ‘la estufa’ (the stove) and ‘la lavadora’ (the washing machine).

Speaking About the Home

  • Describing Location: Use the right prepositions to describe where things are. For instance, ‘en’ (in), ‘sobre’ (on), ‘debajo de’ (under), ‘al lado de’ (next to), and ‘entre’ (between).
  • Preference and Opinions: Express your preferences and opinions by using phrases like ‘Me gusta mi casa porque es cómoda’ (I like my house because it is comfortable), or ‘Prefiero una casa grande con un jardín’ (I prefer a big house with a garden).
  • Home Chores: Equip yourself with verbs and phrases connected to chores like ‘ordenar’ (to tidy up), ‘limpiar’ (to clean), ‘cocinar’ (to cook), ‘lavar los platos’ (to wash the dishes), etc.

Again, practising is key. Once you understand the basic vocabulary and structure, make it a habit to speak about your house in Spanish. This will not only improve your fluency but also give you more confidence in using the language.