Words to compare things

Words to compare things

Words to Indicate Degree in Comparison

  • The word “más” translates to “more” in English and is used to indicate a higher degree of something. For instance, “El español es más difícil que el francés” translates to “Spanish is more difficult than French.”
  • Menos” is another comparative word which represents “less” in English. An example would be “Juan es menos alto que María” meaning “Juan is less tall than Maria”.
  • A significant comparative word is “tan,” which we use in English as “as.” An example would be, “Maria no es tan alta como Sofía,” which means “Maria is not as tall as Sofia.”
  • The word “tanto” compares quantities and translates to “as much” in English. For example, “No tengo tanto dinero como tú” - “I don’t have as much money as you.”

Words Used for Comparative Statements

  • The words “mejor” and “peor” are used for better and worse comparisons. For example, “Esta manzana es mejor que esa” means “This apple is better than that one”.
  • Two special comparative words are “mejor” and “peor” which mean better and worse. For instance, “Mi coche es peor que el tuyo” translates to “My car is worse than yours.”

Words Denoting Quantitative Comparisons

  • For changes, we use “más que” for “more than,” and “menos que” for “less than”. Example: “Ahora estudio más que antes” - “Now I study more than before.”
  • El/la más” and “el/la menos” are equivalent to “the most” and “the least” respectively.
  • When using superlatives, the structure is “el/la/los/las + noun + más/menos + adjective”. For example, “Juan es el chico más alto” - “John is the tallest boy.”

Words Indicating Similarity

  • Finally, “igual que” implies being the same as in English. For instance, “Mi casa es igual que la tuya” means “My house is the same as yours.”