Topic: Time and Date

Topic: Time and Date

Time in Spanish (La Hora)

  • Understand how to ask and tell the time in Spanish. The key phrase is ¿Qué hora es? which means What time is it? An example response could be ‘Es la una’ for 1 o’clock or ‘Son las dos’ for 2 o’clock.
  • Learn common expressions related to scheduling and planning, for instance, ‘La fiesta es el viernes’ (The party is on Friday) or ‘El examen es en febrero’ (The exam is in February).
  • Become comfortable with numeral expressions used in telling time like cuarto (quarter), y media (half), and menos (minus) used with ‘Es la’ or ‘Son las’ while telling time. For example, ‘Son las dos y cuarto’ (It is quarter past two), ‘Es la una y media’ (It is half past one), ‘Son las tres menos cuarto’ (It is quarter to three).

Dates and Days (Fechas y Días)

  • Familiarize yourself with vocabulary related to days of the week (días de la semana) and months of the year (meses del año). Examples include: lunes (Monday), martes (Tuesday), enero (January), febrero (February), etc.
  • Know how to ask and respond to questions about the date. ‘¿Qué fecha es hoy?’ means ‘What is the date today?’ The common reply would be ‘Hoy es el veinte de marzo’ (Today is the 20th of March).

Daily Life and Routines (La Vida Diaria y Las Rutinas)

  • Be able to construct sentences in Spanish about daily routines. For example, ‘Me levanto a las siete de la mañana’ - I get up at seven in the morning.
  • Understand and use vocabulary associated with different parts of the day such as mañana (morning), tarde (afternoon), and noche (night).

Practical Tip: Remember to practise these vocabulary terms and phrases regularly in both written and oral contexts. It is equally important to be able to listen to and understand them when spoken by others. Listen to authentic sources when possible and try to incorporate these phrases into your daily life to master this component of Spanish language and culture.