CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
The REDD Programme (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) promotes the involvement of all stakeholders, including indigenous peoples and other forest-dependent communities, in national and international implementation to reduce the rate of deforestation and replant forest areas.
Juma Sustainable Forest Reserve (SFR) is run by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation, an NGO. Local people are paid to not cut down the forest ($28 a month). It is run in an area 230 km south of Manaus.
Positives (green) and negatives (black) of the scheme.
Without protection, 60% of the Juma forest would be lost by 2050.
Local people have “signed away” their rights to use materials within the forest reserve.
Large area is hard to police/monitor, therefore illegal logging can still take place.
Ecotourism is being developed in the area to provide extra income for families within Juma.
Juma SFR relies on donations, and if they stop the project itself may stop.
It protects a large enough area to support carnivores and large primates.
Money for families is less than $1 per day, whereas the reserve manager earns $25,000 per year.
Incomes have been risen by the Bolsa Floresta scheme.
The funding has built 7 schools, trained people in sustainable farming and provided a cleaner source of water and energy.
- Give reasons to protect the tropical rainforest.
- Your answer should include: Valuable / Indigenous / Services / Goods
- How do CITES and REDD protect tropical rainforests? Which is more protective?
- Your answer should include: Laws / Global / Trading / Deforestation
- How does Juma SFR aim to protect the rainforest? Is it successful?
- Your answer should include: Local / People / Money / Deforestation