Cardiovascular Disease

  • Cardiovascular disease refers to conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels.
  • These conditions are primarily caused by a buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries, a.k.a atherosclerosis.
  • Serious health consequences include heart attacks, strokes, and heart failure.
  • Dietary factors are crucial in developing cardiovascular diseases due to excessive intake of saturated fat, salt, and sugar and in inadequate intake of vitamins, minerals, and fibre.
  • A balanced diet with unsaturated fats, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables can lower cardiovascular disease risk.
  • Maintaining a healthy body weight and regular physical activity also help reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors.