• Vegans abstain from animal products like meat, eggs, and dairy and follow a plant-based diet.
  • They must balance their energy intake to receive all essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Energy requirements can be met through consuming plant-based foods such as grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds.
  • Protein intake is crucial and can be met through foods like lentils, chickpeas, tofu, and tempeh.
  • Supplementing with vitamin B12 is important for energy levels and overall well-being.
  • Careful meal and snack planning allows vegans to meet necessary energy requirements for daily activities and long-term health.